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When your skin follicles become plugged with oil and dead cells, the skin condition called acne is produced. The condition is most common in teenagers but any age group can be affected. Common treatment options include special cleansing, application of oil production blockings medication and topical as well as oral antibiotics. Black heads, white heads, pimples and inflammation of the skin are some of the skin changes seen with acne. Two thirds of patients with acne are teenagers but acne affects adults as well.
Oil glands of the skin secrete sebum that backs up in hair follicles leading to inflammation and infection. Pimples are inflamed hair follicles. Hormone imbalance, medication effects, dairy products, chocolate, and greasy facial products all contribute to acne. Recent increased use of objects against the face such as cell phones has also led to an increase of localized acne secondary to the friction of the items and bacterial contamination of the skin.
Treatment includes medication to diminish itching and inflammation. Specialized moisturizers are used on your skin that is inflamed and dry. This disease is not contagious but is very common in some families. Unusually severe cystic acne often requires a special medication that is prescribed by dermatologists. Its use is regulated because the product is associated with severe birth defects.